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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-110

Doxorubicin-eluting beads versus combined conventional transarterial chemoembolization and percutaneous alcohol injection in the treatment of large hepatocellular carcinoma


1 Department of Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
3 Department of Radiodiagnosis, National Cancer institute, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Essam Eldeen M. O. Mahran
Department of Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCMRP.JCMRP_2_17

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Introduction Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary tumor of the liver, which usually develops in the setting of chronic liver disease, particularly in patients with chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Current guidelines recommend transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) as the standard treatment of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer-B patients. The aim of this work is to compare the efficacy, safety, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness of drug-eluting bead (DEB)-TACE versus combined conventional transarterial chemoembolization (c-TACE)+percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for improving the outcome of large HCC. Patients and methods In all, 75 patients with large HCC were included in this study: 30 patients were treated by combined c-TACE + PEI and 45 patients were treated by DEB-TACE. Results By comparison of the results of the combined c-TACE + PEI group with the DEB-TACE group, there was no significant difference in tumor response, with better results in the combined c-TACE + PEI group and significant decrease in the median value of the serum level of α-fetoprotein after treatment among patients treated with combined c-TACE + PEI (P = 0.004), and a statistically significant difference in the median value after treatment between the two groups (P = 0.036). Conclusion Results of combined c-TACE + PEI and DEB-TACE are comparable, but the cost of a DEB-TACE session is three times that of c-TACE + PEI, and thus cost-effectiveness analyses recommend the use of combined c-TACE + PEI (less cost) in the treatment of large HCC; in addition, there was a significant reduction in the level of α-fetoprotein after combined c-TACE+PEI treatment.


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